# Shifting problem

Let $\mathbb{T}$ be a time scale, $t_0 \in \mathbb{T}$, and $f \colon [t_0,\infty) \cap \mathbb{T} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$. The shifting problem is the following partial dynamic equation for $t,s \in \mathbb{T}$: $$\left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \dfrac{\partial \hat{f}}{\Delta t}(t,\sigma(s))=-\dfrac{\partial \hat{f}}{\Delta s}(t,s)& ; t \geq s \geq t_0, \\ \hat{f}(t,t_0)=f(t)&; t \geq t_0. \end{array} \right.$$ The solution $\hat{f}$ of the shifting problem is called the shift of $f$ (also called the delay of $f$).

# Properties

Theorem: The following formula holds: $$\displaystyle\int_{t_0}^t \hat{f}(t,\sigma(\xi))\Delta \xi=\displaystyle\int_{t_0}^t f(\xi) \Delta \xi,$$ where $\hat{f}$ denotes the solution of the shifting problem.

Proof:

# Examples

 Shift $\hat{f}(t,s)$ $\mathbb{R}$ $\hat{f}(t,s)=f(t-s)$ $\mathbb{Z}$ $\hat{f}(t,s)=f(t-s+t_0)$ $h\mathbb{Z}$ $\mathbb{Z}^2$ $\overline{q^{\mathbb{Z}}}, q > 1$ $\overline{q^{\mathbb{Z}}}, q < 1$ $\mathbb{H}$