# Quantum q less than 1

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Let $0<q<1$. The set $\overline{q^{\mathbb{Z}}}=\{0, \ldots, q^{2}, q^{1}, 1, q^{-1}, q^{-2}, \ldots \}$ of quantum numbers is a time scale.

 Forward jump: $\sigma(t)=$ derivation Forward graininess: $\mu(t)=$ derivation Backward jump: $\rho(t)=$ derivation Backward graininess: $\nu(t)=$ derivation $\Delta$-derivative $f^{\Delta}(t)=$ derivation $\nabla$-derivative $f^{\nabla}(t)=$ derivation $\Delta$-integral $\displaystyle\int_s^t f(\tau) \Delta \tau=$ derivation $\nabla$-integral $\displaystyle\int_s^t f(\tau) \nabla \tau=$ derivation $h_k(t,s)$ $h_k(t,s)=$ derivation $\hat{h}_k(t,s)$ $\hat{h}_k(t,s)=$ derivation $g_k(t,s)$ $g_k(t,s)=$ derivation $\hat{g}_k(t,s)$ $\hat{g}_k(t,s)=$ derivation $e_p(t,s)$ $e_p(t,s)=$ derivation $\hat{e}_p(t,s)$ $\hat{e}_p(t,s)=$ derivation Gaussian bell $\mathbf{E}(t)=\displaystyle\prod_{k=\log_q(t)+1}^{\infty} \dfrac{1}{\left(1+(\frac{1}{q}-1)q^k \right)^{q^k}}$ derivation $\mathrm{sin}_p(t,s)=$ $\sin_p(t,s)=$ derivation $\mathrm{\sin}_1(t,s)$ $\sin_1(t,s)=$ derivation $\widehat{\sin}_p(t,s)$ $\widehat{\sin}_p(t,s)=$ derivation $\mathrm{\cos}_p(t,s)$ $\cos_p(t,s)=$ derivation $\mathrm{\cos}_1(t,s)$ $\cos_1(t,s)=$ derivation $\widehat{\cos}_p(t,s)$ $\widehat{\cos}_p(t,s)=$ derivation $\sinh_p(t,s)$ $\sinh_p(t,s)=$ derivation $\widehat{\sinh}_p(t,s)$ $\widehat{\sinh}_p(t,s)=$ derivation $\cosh_p(t,s)$ $\cosh_p(t,s)=$ derivation $\widehat{\cosh}_p(t,s)$ $\widehat{\cosh}_p(t,s)=$ derivation Gamma function $\Gamma_{\overline{q^{\mathbb{Z}}}}(x,s)=$ derivation Euler-Cauchy logarithm $L(t,s)=$ derivation Bohner logarithm $L_p(t,s)=$ derivation Jackson logarithm $\log_{\overline{q^{\mathbb{Z}}}} g(t)=$ derivation Mozyrska-Torres logarithm $L_{\overline{q^{\mathbb{Z}}}}(t)=$ derivation Laplace transform $\mathscr{L}_{\overline{q^{\mathbb{Z}}}}\{f\}(z;s)=$ derivation Hilger circle derivation

## Examples of time scales

$\Huge\mathbb{R}$
Real numbers
$\Huge\mathbb{Z}$
Integers
$\Huge{h\mathbb{Z}}$
Multiples of integers
$\Huge\mathbb{Z}^2$
Square integers
$\Huge\mathbb{H}$
Harmonic numbers
$\Huge\mathbb{T}_{\mathrm{iso}}$
Isolated points
$\Huge\sqrt[n]{\mathbb{N}_0}$
nth root numbers
$\Huge\mathbb{P}_{a,b}$
Evenly spaced intervals
$\huge\overline{q^{\mathbb{Z}}}$
Quantum, $q>1$
$\huge\overline{q^{\mathbb{Z}}}$
Quantum, $q<1$
$\overline{\left\{\dfrac{1}{n} \colon n \in \mathbb{Z}^+\right\}}$
Closure of unit fractions
$\Huge\mathcal{C}$
Cantor set