Delta exponential

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Let $\mathbb{T}$ be a time scale. Let $p \in \mathcal{R}(\mathbb{T},\mathbb{C})$ be a regressive function. The $\Delta$-exponential function $e_p (\cdot,\cdot;\mathbb{T}) \colon \mathbb{T} \times \mathbb{T} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is defined by the formula $$e_p(t,s;\mathbb{T}) = \exp \left( \displaystyle\int_s^t \xi_{\mu(\tau)}(p(\tau))\Delta \tau \right),$$ where $\exp$ denotes the exponential function and $\xi_{\mu(\tau)}$ denotes the cylinder transformation.

Properties[edit]

Delta exponential dynamic equation
Semigroup property of delta exponential
Delta exponential with p=0
Delta exponential with t=s
Delta simple useful formula
Reciprocal of delta exponential
Product of delta exponentials with fixed t and s
Quotient of delta exponentials with fixed t and s
Relationship between delta exponential and nabla exponential
Relationship between delta exponential and nabla exponential
Relationship between nabla exponential and delta exponential

Examples[edit]

Time Scale $\Delta$-exponential Functions
$\mathbb{T}=$ $e_p(t,s)=$
$\mathbb{R}$ $e_p(t,s)= \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \exp \left( \displaystyle\int_s^t p(\tau) d \tau \right) &; t>s \\ 1 &; t=s \\ \exp \left( -\displaystyle\int_t^s p(\tau) d\tau \right) &; t<s \end{array} \right.$
$\mathbb{Z}$ $e_p(t,s) = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \displaystyle\prod_{k=s}^{t-1} 1+p(k) &; t > s \\ 1 &; t=s \\ \displaystyle\prod_{k=t}^{s-1} \dfrac{1}{1+p(k)}&; t < s \end{array} \right.$
$h\mathbb{Z}$ $ e_p(t,s) = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \displaystyle\prod_{k=\frac{s}{h}}^{\frac{t}{h}-1} (1+hp(hk)) &; t > s \\ 1 &; t=s \\ \displaystyle\prod_{k=\frac{t}{h}}^{\frac{s}{h}-1} \dfrac{1}{1+hp(hk)} &; t < s \end{array} \right.$
$\mathbb{Z}^2$ $ e_p(t,s) = \left\{\begin{array}{ll} \displaystyle\prod_{k=\sqrt{s}}^{\sqrt{t}-1} 1 + p(k^2)(2k+1) &; t > s \\ 1 &; t=s\\ \displaystyle\prod_{k=\sqrt{t}}^{\sqrt{s}-1} \dfrac{1}{1+p(k^2)(2k+1)} &; t < s \end{array} \right.$
$\overline{q^{\mathbb{Z}}}, q > 1$ $e_p(t,s) = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \displaystyle\prod_{k=\log_q(s)}^{\log_q(t)-1} 1 + p(q^k)q^k(q-1) &; t > s \\ 1 &; t=s \\ \displaystyle\prod_{k=\log_q(t)}^{\log_q(s)-1} \dfrac{1}{1+p(q^k)q^k(q-1)} &; t < s \end{array} \right.$
$\overline{q^{\mathbb{Z}}}, q < 1$ $e_p(t,s) = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \displaystyle\prod_{k=\log_q(s)}^{\log_q(t)-1} 1 + p(q^k)q^{k-1}(1-q) &; t > s \\ 1 &; t=s \\ \displaystyle\prod_{k=\log_q(t)}^{\log_q(s)-1} \dfrac{1}{1+p(q^k)q^{k-1}(1-q)} &; t < s \end{array} \right.$
$\mathbb{H}$ $ e_p(t,s) = e_p\left( \displaystyle\sum_{k=1}^n \dfrac{1}{k}, \displaystyle\sum_{k=1}^m \dfrac{1}{k} \right) = \left\{\begin{array}{ll} \displaystyle\prod_{k=m}^{n-1} {1 + \dfrac{1}{k+1} p \left( \displaystyle\sum_{j=1}^k \dfrac{1}{j} \right)} &; t > s \\ 1 &; t=s \\ \displaystyle\prod_{k=n}^{m-1} \dfrac{1}{1 + \dfrac{1}{k+1} p \left( \displaystyle\sum_{j=1}^k \dfrac{1}{j} \right)} &; t < s \end{array} \right.$

See Also[edit]

Nabla exponential

References[edit]

$\Delta$-special functions on time scales

$\cos_p$

$\cosh_p$

$e_p$

$g_k$

$h_k$

$\sin_p$

$\sinh_p$